review quizzes unit4 questions from review quizzes

review quizzes unit4 questions from review quizzes

Question Answer
most common routes are inhaled or IV general anaesthetics
used for depressive episodes, bipolar disorder, OCD, chronic neropathic pain, depression with anxiety disorder and enuresis TCA antidepressants
inhibits reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain TCA antidepressants
can lead to respiratory depression depending on the dose barbiturates
fluoxetine (Prozac) antidepressants – Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
spinal anaesthesia is a type of this anaesthetics local anaesthetics
body is unconscious and feels no pain reflexes; swallowing and gag reflexes are lost general anaesthetics
causes sleep; allows a person to fall asleep and stay asleep hypnotics
sertraline (Zoloft) antidepressants – Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
conduction block; a type of regional block into or near a nerve trunk local anaesthetics
do not take animal hormone melatonin
may be fully awake or sedated but either way does not feel pain local anaesthetics
exert action by acting on the brains serotonin receptors and or hypothalamus and brainstem non-benzodiazepines
TCA's abbreviated name tricyclic antidepressants
not supported by US FDA as can cause liver damage Kava
Temazepam (Restoril) Hypnotics
Xylocaine local anaesthetics
potentiate the effects of GABA make more powerful or increase in its strength or dgree Benzodiazepines
decrease sensitivity in presynaptic and increase sensitivity in postsynaptic receptor sites making neurotramsision activity more effective TCA antidepressants
have less effect on respiratory rate than barbiturates non-barbiturates
use of narcotic and hypnotic at the same time pre-anaesthetics medication
natural/herbal uses are to relieve stress, anxiety, tension, promote sleep, and relieve menstrual cramps Kava
EMLA cream local anaesthetics
Natural/herbal used as a sedative for restlessness insomnia or anxiety valerian
SSRI abbreviated name selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
used to treat depression, bulimia, night terrors, migraines, MS, seasonal affective disorder MAOIs
may be ordered to decrease anxiety or sedation and may result in decreased amount of anaesthetic medication resulting in a speedier recovery pre-anaesthetics medication
topical Xylocaine local anaesthetics
inhibits monomine oxidase MAOIs
not to be take with St. Johns wort SSRI's
Diazepam (Valium) Benzodiazepens – anti-anxiety
block specific neurotransmitter receptor sites preventing the transmission of the anxious perception and the body's physical reaction to the anxiety anti-anxiety medications
partial / complete loos of sensation in a certain are local anaesthetics
regional – injection of a local anaesthetic around nerves so the area will no signal pain to the brain local anaesthetics
MAOIs abbreviated name monoamine oxidase inhibitors
use rarely now due to benzodiazepines barbiturates
treat mental illness of anxiety depression and psychosis anti-anxiety medications
are exerted slower in geriatric patins and increased risk of ADE or toxicity benzodiazepines
FDA approved with synthetic use only melatonin
Citalopram (Celexa) antidepressants – SSRIs
natural/herbal management for mild to moderate depression (not effective for major depression) St. John's wort
sensation-free state if the entire body general anaesthetics
causes a relaxing, calming effect. may make drowsy usually does not produce sleep sedatives
are given for feeling of sadness or unhapiness antidepressants
medication that decreases secretions of upper respiratory tract to prevent excessive secretions pooling in lungs pre-anaesthetics medications
are give for ETOH to decrease S&S withdrawal syndrome benzodiazepines
inhibits CNS uptake of serotonin SSRI's
used to treat OCD and bulimia nervosa, PMS, PTSD, anxiety, panic disorders, migraines, and hot flashes SSRI's
Need to avoid foods containing tyramine MAOIs
are given for clinical depression diagnosis antidepressants
produces CNS depression and mood alteration barbiturates
topical cream or spray that desensitizes skin local anaesthetics
causes an increase in epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin in the nervous system MAOIs
Lorazepam (Ativan) benzodiazepines – anti-anxiety
another name for tranquilizers benzodiazepines
hormone made by the pineal gland melatonin
natural'herbal management for OCD St. John's wort
Novocain local anaesthetic

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