Pol 102 Midterm

Pol 102 Midterm

Question Answer
Regime controlled by a small group of elites who exercise power over the state without being constitutionally responsible to the public Authoritarianism
Authoritarian regimes can still be focused on ? Give an example Ideology (Nazi Party)
Regime type defined by an effort to remake society using an official ideology. Want to completely transform all aspects of the state. Violence and a strong ideological goal are essential Totalitarianism
North Korea's idea that the individual and state should be independent, self reliant, and capable to solve their own problems Juche ("Self-Reliance")
Authoritarian Regimes maintain control by: (3) 1. Surveillance/Coercion 2. Co-optation 3. Personality Cults
Compelling individuals to accept your rule by threatening their lives. Based on fear. Surveillance is necessary with it. (Examples – arbitrary arrests, purges) Coercion
What are 3 drawbacks to coercion? 1. Violence is costly. 2. People will resist. 3. Other countries will not support you
Individual/the public are brought into a symbolic relationship with the regime (support is bought) Co-optation
What are the two types of Co-optation? Corporatism and Clientelism
When the public receives representation into a limited # of organizations that are part of the state. The groups who participate receive benefits. Based on groups Corporatism
When the regime provides specific benefits to individuals in exchange for support. Encourages rent seeking. Based on individuals Clientelism
Public in encouraged to obey the leader based on their extraordinary qualities and compelling ideas. The supreme leader is portrayed as superior and embody the desires of nation Personality Cults
Where are personality cults very common? Totalitarian States
Theory that regimes are characterized by their location in a 2 dimensional institutional space Selectorate Theory
Set of people who can select the leader Selectorate
People whose support is necessary for the leader to stay in power Winning Coalition
Leaders maintain their winning coalition by distributing: Public and Private Goods
Goods that can be consumed by everyone (education, roads) Public Goods
Goods that can be consumed only by the winning coalition (used only by dictatorships) Private Goods
Explain a small W/S Dominant Party Dictatorship. Members of the winning coalition are less likely to defect
Explain a large W/S Democracy. Members of the winning coalition are less loyal and more likely to defect
When power is vested in a single leader with no clear regime or institutions constraining them. Place in winning coalition can be easily replaced Personalistic Dictatorship
Form of clientism where the benefits are concentrated among a clique of supporters who are embedded within the state itself Patrimonalism
A form of Personalistic Dictatorship where membership in the winning coalition is limited to Royal Family Absolute Monarchy
When power is vested into one political party that bans or circumscribes other groups from power. Membership is limited and has a lot of support (works with other factions well) Single Party Dictatorship
What is the main threat to a Single Party Dictatorship? Factionalism (divisions within the party)
Which party tends to be the most stable? Single Party Dictatorship
Rule by a faction of military officers. Power is ofter seized by a coup. Least durable out of dictatorships. Military Junta
Governance by a coalition of military officers and technocrats who act pragmatically, rather than ideologically, within the limits of the bureaucratic mentality Bureaucratic Authoritarianism
Comparative politics is the study: and comparison of domestic politics across countries
Politics is defined as The struggle for power
Which ideology would be most likely to advocate for a low income tax rate? Liberalism
A democracy where most citizens accept it as legitimate because the rules treat everyone fairly is an example of Rational-legal democracy
What is meant by the term liberal democracy? A democratic system that promotes participation, competition, and liberty
A national vote initiated by the government on a particular policy issue is commonly known as A referendum
What is an argument against compulsory voting? It violate a person's freedom of speech
What best describes the crisis facing most developed democracies? The population is rapidly aging
What is a cause of the 3rd wave of democratization? Reform within the Catholic Church

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