LitTerms 8th Grade 1 ELA

LitTerms 8th Grade 1 ELA

Question Answer
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning typically a moral or political one allegory
The repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words (note the repetition of sound Sally sells seashells) alliteration
Reference to a famous person, place, event or a work of literature allusion
A point comparison between two things that are alike in some respect (some ways) analogy
The character or force working against the protagonist or main character in a story, play, or movie antagonist
Repetition of vowel sounds within a non rhyming words. (fleet, feet, sweep) assonance
author's reason for writing author's purpose (PIE)
The people or imaginary creatures who take part in the action. They display certain traits that develop and change over time character
A character who changes in the novel dynamic character
One who does not go through a lot of changes in the novel (no change) static character
One who has no personality; not complicated flat character
One who is complex; lots of personality round character
The way a writer creates and develops characters (voice or physical appearance) characterization
A struggle between opposing forces. (external -with others; internal – within self) conflict
The ideas and feelings associated with the word connotation
A dictionary definition of a word denotation
Written conversation between two or more people dialogue
An interruption of the action to insert events that took place earlier in time flashback
This occurs when a writer provides hints that suggest future events; hints about what is to come next in his story foreshadowing
How work is classified genre
Literature using ones imagination, in the form of prose, especially short stories (imaginary) fiction
A genre that is set in the past and involves real people historical fiction
A genre that possibly can happen in real life realistic fiction
A genre fiction that is set in the future science fiction
A genre that contains magical elements such as talking animals or people with super powers fantasy fiction
Prose writings based on facts, real events, real people Nonfiction
A figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect hyperbole
An expression that has a meaning different from its individual words (raining cats and dogs) idiom
Descriptive words and phrases that recreate sensory experience for the reader – such as taste, smell, touch, helps imagine exactly what is being described imagery
The act or process of reaching a conclusion about something from known facts or evidence inference gap
The contrast between what one expects versus what really happens irony
The outcome is very different from what is expected to happen situational irony
What is said is the opposite of what is meant verbal irony
Understood by the audience but not by the characters in the story dramatic irony
Composition of two things that are basically not alike but have some qualities in common metaphor
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for a reader mood
The voice that tells the story narrator
The use of words whose sounds echo their meaning – such as buzz onomatopoeia
a combination of words that have opposite or very different meaning (awfully pretty) oxymoron
Something that is made up of two opposite things that seem impossible but is actually true or possible paradox
Imitating another work or style parody
The giving of a humans qualities to an animal or object personification
The series of events inside a story (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution) plot
Introduces the setting and characters in a story exposition
Introduces develops the conflict rising action
The point of greatest interest, usually toward the end climax
Reveals the outcome (the main problem is resolved) falling action
Reveals the final outcome – where the story ends resolution (denouement)
The ideal judgement that rewards virtue and punishes vice; form of justice where the good characters are rewarded and the bad characters punished poetic justice
Refers to method of narration used in telling a short story or novel (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person) Point of view
Its as if the narrator is the main character. He uses the word I. Everything is seen through the narrators eyes and words. first person
The narrator is not in the story, speaks specifically to the reader/audience and uses the word you second person
Narrator who is not a character in the story but knows the thoughts and feeings of all characters. uses he, she, they) Third person omniscient
Narrator is not a character in the story, but knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. Third person limited
The main character of the story, play or novel protagonist
A play on words based on the similarity of sound between the two with different meanings. (Suite Life) pun
Genre of literature of performing arts in which vices, follies, abuse and shortcomings are ridiculed with intent to shame people, corporations or government into improvement satire
Time and place the action takes place setting
Comparison between two unlike things using the word like or as simile
a manner of writing style
Person, place, object or activity that stands for something beyond itself symbolism
A message about life or human nature that's written and shared with the reader theme
Creating emphasis by saying less than is actually true(opposite of hyperbole) understatement
An annual publication containing a calendar for the coming year, the times of such events and phenomena as anniversaries, sunrises and sunsets, phases of the moon, tides, etc., and other statistical information and related topics almanac
Supplementary material at the end of the book, article, document, or other text, usually of an explanatory, statistical or bibliographic nature. appendix
A bound collection of maps atlas
A complete or selective list of works compiled upon some common principal, an authorship, subject, place of publication, or printer bibliography
A book giving information on particular subjects or on a particular class of words, names, or facts, usually arranged alphabetically dictionary
A book or set of books or online informational resource containing articles on various topics, usually in alphabetical arrangement, covering all branches of knowledge or, less commonly, all aspects of one subject. encyclopedia
Such a list at the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the text glossary
A more or less detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually included in or constituting the back matter index
A list that is placed at the beginning of some books. It show how the book is divided into sections and at which page each section begins. Table of Contents

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