Kinesiology Flash OIAN

Kinesiology Flash OIAN

Question Answer
Sternocleidomastoid /SCM Origin: Sternum and Clavicle Insertion: Mastoid process Action: Bilateral: flexes neck, hyperextends head Unilateral: Laterally bends the neck; rotates head to the opposite side Nerve Intervention: Accessory nerve (cranial nerve XI); second and th
Scalenes Origin: Transverse processes of the cervical vertebraeInsertion: 1st and 2nd ribAction: Bilateral: assists in neck flexion Unilateral: Neck lateral bending NI: Lower cervical nerves
4 Prevertebral Muscles:-Rectus Capitis Lateralis -Rectus Capitis Anterior – Longus Capitis- Longus Colli Origin: Collectively bodies and processes of C2-T2Insertion: Collectiviley to the occiput and transverse processes and bodies of C1-C6Action: Flex head and neck, as in "tuck the chin"; asst in lateral bending of head and neckNI: Branches of C1-C7 (v
4 Suboccipital Muscles:- Obliquss Capitis Superior & Inferior – Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor & Major posterior Origin: Collectively from the transverse and spinous processes of C1-C2Insertion: Collectively to the occiput and transverse process of C1Action: Extension of head and neck and asst with lateral bending and rotation to the same sideNI: Suboccipital
Splenius Capitis Origin: Lower half of nuchal ligament; spinous processes of C7-T3Insertion: Lateral occipital bone; mastoid processAction: Bilateral: head and neck extensionUnilateral: Rotate and laterally bend face to same sideNI: Middle and lower cervical nerve
Splenius Cervicis Origin: Spinous processes of T3-T6 Insertion: Transverse processes of C1-C3Action: Bilateral: Neck extension Unilateral: Neck rotation and lateral bending to same side NI: Middle and lower cervical nerves
Rectus Abdominis Origin: Pubis Insertion: Xiphoid process and costal cartilages of 5th-7th ribAction: Trunk flexion; compression of abdomenNI: 7th-12th Intercostal nerves
External Oblique Origin: Lower 8 ribs laterally Insertion: Illiac process and linea albaAction: Bilateral: Trunk flexion; compression of abdomenUnilateral: Trunk lateral bending; rotation to opposite side NI: 8th-12th intercostal, illiohypogastric, and illioinguin
Internal Oblique Origin: Inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fasciaInsertion: 10th-12th ribs; abdominal aponeurosis into linea alba Action: Bilateral; Trunk flexion; sompression of abdomenUnilateral: Trunk lateral bending; rotation to same sideNI: 8th-12
Transverse Abdominis Origin: Inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fascia, and last 6 ribsInsertion: Abdominal aponeurosis and linea albaAction: Compression of abdomenNI: 7th -12th intercostal, illiohypogastric, and ilioguinal nerves
3 Erector Spinae- Spinalis- Illiocostalis- Longissimus Origin: Spinous process, transverse processes, and posterior ribs from occiput to the sacrum and illium Insertion: Spinous process, transverse processes, and posterior ribs from occiput to the sacrum and illium Action: Bilateral: Neck and trunk extens
3 Transversospinalis – Semispinalis (spans 5= vertebrae)- Rotatores (spans 1 vertebrae)- Multifidus (spans 2-4 vertebrae) Origin: Transverse processesInsertion: Spinous processes of vertebra aboveAction: Bilateral: Neck and trunk extensionUnilateral: Neck and trunk rotation to opposite sideNI: Spinal Nerves
Interspinales Origin: Spinous process belowInsertion: Spinous process aboveAction: Neck and trunk extensionNI: Spinal Nerves
Intertransversearii Origin: Transverse process belowInsertion: Transverse process aboveAction: Neck and trunk lateral bendingNI: Spinal Nerves
Quadratus Lumborum Origin: Iliac crestInsertion: 12th rib, transverse processes of all 5 lumbar vertebraeAction: Trunk later bendingNI: 12th thoracic and 1st lumbar nerves
Diaphragm Origin: Xiphoid process, ribs, lumbar vertebraeInsertion: Central tendonAction: InspirationNI: Phrenic Nerve
External Intercostal Origin: Rib aboveInsertion: Rib belowAction: Elevate ribs in inspirationNI: Intercostal Nerve (T2-T6)
Internal Intercostal Origin: Rib aboveInsertion: Rib belowAction: Depress ribs in expirationNI: Intercostal Nerve (T2-T6)
Illiopsoas Origin: Iliac fossa, anterior and lateral surfaces of T12-L5Insertion: Lesser trochanter Action: Hip flexionNI: Iliacus portion: femoral nerve Psoas major portion: L2 and L3
Rectus Femoris Origin: Anterior inferior iliac spineInsertion: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendonAction: Hip flexion, knee extensionNI: Femoral Nerve
Sartorius Origin: Anterior superior iliac spineInsertion: Proximal medial aspect of tibia Action: Combination of hip flexion, abduction, lateral rotation, and knee flexion NI: Femoral Nerve
Pectineus Origin: Superior ramus of pubisInsertion: Pectineal line of femurAction: Hip flexion and adductionNI: Femoral Nerve
Adductor Longus Origin: PubisInsertion: Middle 1/3rd of the linea asperaAction: Hip adductionNI: Obturator Nerve
Adductor Brevis Origin: PubisInsertion: Pectineal line and proximal linea asperaAction: Hip adductionNI: Obturator Nerve
Adductor Magnus Origin: Ischium of pubisInsertion: Entire linea aspera and adductor tubercleAction: Hip adductionNI: Obturator and Sciatic Nerves
Gracilis Origin: PubisInsertion: Anterior medial surface of proximal end of tibia Action: Hip adductionNI: Obturator Nerve
Gluteus Maximus Origin: Posterior sacrum and iliumInsertion: Posterior femur distal to greater trochanter and iliotibial band Action: Hip extension, hyperextension, lateral rotation NI: Inferior gluteal Nerve
6 Deep Rotators – Obturator Externus and Internus – Quadratus Femoris- Piriformis- Gemellus Superior and Inferior Origin: Posterior sacrum, ischium, pubisInsertion: Greater trochanter areaAction: Hip lateral rotationNI: Obturator, S1, S2, nerves to obturator internis and quadratus femoris
Semimembranosus Origin: Ischial Tuberosity Insertion: Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibiaAction: Hip extension and knee flexion NI: Sciatic Nerve
Semitendinosus Origin: Ischial tuberosityInsertion: Anteromedial surface of proximal tibia Action: Hip extension and knee flexionNI: Sciatic Nerve
Gluteus Medius Origin: Outer surface of ilium Insertion: Lateral surface of greater trochanter Action: Hip abdNI: Superior gluteal nerve
Gluteus Minimus Origin: Later iliumInsertion: Anterior surface of greater trochanter Action: Hip adb, medial rotationNI: Superior gluteal nerver
Tensor Fascia Lata (TFL) Origin: Anterior superior iliac spineInsertion: Lateral condyle of tibiaAction: Combined hip flexion and abdNI: Superior gluteal nerve
Vastus Lateralis Origin: Linea asperaInsertion: Tibal tuberosity via patellar tendonAction: Knee extNI: Femoral Nerve
Vastus Medialis Origin: Linea asperaInsertion: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendonAction: Knee ext
Vastus Intermedialis Origin: Anterior femurInsertion: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendonAction: Knee extNI: Femoral nerve
Popliteus Origin: Lateral condyle of femurInsertion: Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia Action: Initiates knee flexNI: Tibial nerve
Gastrocnemius Origin: Medial and lateral condyles of femurInsertion: Posterior calcaneus Action: Knee flex, ankle plantar flexNI: Tibial nerve
Soleus Origin: Posterior tibia and fibulaInsertion Posterior calcaneus Action: Ankle plantar flexNI: Tibial nerve
Plantaris Origin: Posterior lateral condyle of femurInsertion: Posterior calcaneus Action: Very weak in asst in knee and ankle plantar flexNI: Tibial nerve
Tibialis Posterior Origin: Interosseous membrane, adjacent tibia and fibula Insertion: Navicular and most tarsals and metatarsals Action: Ankle inversion; asst in plantar flexNI: Tibial nerve
Flexor Hallucis Longus Origin: Posterior fibula and interosseous membrane Insertion: Distal phalanx of the greater toeAction: Great toe flex; asst in inversion and planta flex of the ankle NI: Tibial Nerve
Flexor Digitorum Longus Origin: Posterior TibiaInsertion: Distal Phalanx of 4 lesser toesAction: Flex of 4 lesser toes; asst in ankle inversion and plantar flex of the ankle NI: Tibial Nerve
Tibialis Anterior Origin: Lateral tibia and interosseous membrane Insertion: 1st cuneiform and 1st metatarsal Action: Ankle inversion and dorsiflexsion NI: Deep peroneal nerve
Extensor Hallucis Longus Origin: Fibula and interosseous membrane Insertion: Distal phalanx of great toeAction: 1st toe extension; asst in ankle inversion and dorsiflexionNI: Deep peroneal nerve
Extensor Digitorum Longus Origin: Fibula, interosseous membrane, tibiaInsertion: Distal phalanx of 4 lesser toesAction: Extension of 4 lesser toes; asst in ankle dorsiflexionNI: Deep peroneal nerve
Peroneus Longus Origin: Lateral proximal fibula and interosseous membrane Insertion: Plantar surface of 1st cuneiform and metatarsalsAction: Ankle eversion; asst in ankle plantar flexNI: Superficial peroneal nerve
Peroneus Brevis Origin: Lateral distal fibulaInsertion: Base of 5th metatarsalsAction: Ankle eversion; asst in plantar flexNI: Superficial peroneal nerve
Peroneus Tertius Origin: Distal medial fibulaInsertion: Base of 5th metatarsalAction: Asst somewhat in ankle eversion and dorsiflexionNI: Deep peroneal nerve

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