civics finale

civics finale

Term Definition
chief diplomat The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments. With the help of advisors, the president makes the foreign policy of the United States
checks and balences counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
caucuses a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.
chief executive their primary responsibilities include making major corporate decisions, managing the overall operations and resources of a company, and acting as the main point of communication between the board of directors and corporate operations
chief legislator When Congress does pass bills, the president reviews each bill and decides whether to sign it into law or veto it. A veto is the president's constitutional power to reject a bill passed by Congress that he does not agree with.
chief of state the titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.
city where declaration of independence was written Philadelphia
closed primary A type of primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote. The primary serves to encourage party unity and prevent members of other parties from infiltrating and voting to nominate weak candidates.
commander in chief a head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
elastic clause granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
electoral college is an indirect system for electing the United States president using votes. Votes are cast by each state, using a slate of electors.
federalism the federal principle or system of government.
general assembly A legislative body, especially a US state legislature. The principal deliberative body of the United Nations, in which each member nation is represented and has one vote. The supreme governing body of some religious denominations.
governor rules/ powers Signing or vetoing bills passed by the Legislature. Serving as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces
impeachment the action of calling into question the integrity or validity of something
interest group a group of people that seeks to influence public policy on the basis of a particular common interest or concern.
judicial branch powers The Supreme Court's role is to interpret the Constitution and limit the powers of the other branches of government.
judicial review is a process under which executive and (in some countries) legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary. The power of courts to assess whether a law is in compliance with the constitution.
laws for voting practices and procedures that discriminate based on race, color, or membership in a language minority group
limited government where governmental power is restricted by law, usually in a written constitution. It is a key concept in the history of liberalism
magistrate a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
naturalization the admittance of a foreigner to the citizenship of a country.
new jersey plan was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.
polling place a building where voting takes place during an election, typically one that normally has another function, such as a school.
party symbols donkey with their Democratic Party. Republicans with their elephant.
primaries a preliminary election to appoint delegates to a party conference or to select the candidates for a principal, especially presidential, election.
voter motor act sets forth certain voter registration requirements with respect to elections for federal office.
voting regulations This law authorizes federal funds for election administration and creates the U.S. Election Assistance Commission.
supremacy clause establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under its authority, constitute the supreme law of the land.
state of the union a yearly address delivered each January by the president of the US to Congress, giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
speaker of the house The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The Speaker, a member of the House, is elected by a majority party caucus.

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