Chp. 5 Prenatal Care and Childbirth

Chp. 5 Prenatal Care and Childbirth

Term Definition
Obstetricians Doctors who specialize in pregnancy and birth.
Enviromental factors Those factors caused by a person's surroundings.
Premature Term that describes babies who are born too soon.
Low birthweight Babies who are born too soon.
Rh factor A protein substance found in the red blood cells of 85 percent of the population.
Diabetes A disorder caused by the body's inability to use sugar properly.
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) The name for high blood pressure caused by pregnancy.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) Infectious illnesses that are passed primarily through sexual intercourse.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) A disease caused by the HIV virus, which attacks the body's immune system.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) A condition in infants that occurs when mothers drink heavily during pregnancy.
Congenital problem A physical or biochemical problem that is present at birth and may be caused by genetic or environmental factors.
Miscarriage The expulsion of a baby from the mother's body before week 20 of pregnancy.
Stillbirth Loss of a fetus after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Ultrasound A prenatal test in which sound waves bounce off the fetus to produce an image of the fetus inside the womb.
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) A prenatal procedure for finding abnormalities in the unborn by testing a small sample of the chorion.
Amniocentesis A prenatal test in which a needle is inserted through the woman's abdomen into the amniotic sac and a sample of the fluid is removed for cell study.
Labor The process that moves the baby out of the mother's body.
Certified nurse midwife (CNM) Nurses who have special training in delivering babies during normal pregnancies.
Natural childbirth A delivery method in which the pregnant woman learns about the birth process and uses breathing techniques to reduce fear and pain.
Lamaze method A delivery method in which the pregnant woman is trained to use breathing patterns to keep her mind off pain.
Leboyer method A delivery method that focuses on making the baby as comfortable as possible during and immediately after delivery.
Lightening A change in the baby's position in which the uterus settles downward and forward and the baby descends lower into the pelvis.
Breech birth position The buttocks first position in which some babies enter the birth canal.
Dilation The first stage of labor, during which the cervix opens.
Episiotomy An incision made to widen the birth canal and prevent tearing.
Forceps A curved instrument that fits around the sides of a baby's head and is used to help the doctor ease the baby down the birth canal during a contraction.
Vacuum extraction Technique that uses suction to help the doctor move the baby down the birth canal as the mother pushes.
Cesarean section A delivery method in which the mother's abdomen and uterus are surgically opened and the baby is removed.
Bonding Developing a feeling of affection.
Postpartum care The care the mother receives during the six to eight weeks following the birth of her baby.
B
Postpartum depression (PPD) A less frequent, but serious form of depression that may occur after giving birth.
Postpartum psychosis (PPP) A rare and extremely severe mental illness that may result after giving birth.

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