Unit 2 Vocab Variabls

Question Answer
Variable A variable is a container for memory. It is something that the code can access again and again.
Variable Example X=5 winter=( image of winter)
Variable = The = means "gets" not equal to.
Assign a variable To store a value in memory with name
String "Text that is printed on the user screen" Must be in quote marks
String example '5+7' is not the same as 5+7
; ends each line of code
" " used for a string– text the user sees
( ) Surrounds a variable name
adding a variable to a string "String"+ variable " My score is "+ score
Variable Reassignment changing the value of a variable based on it"s current contents.
Write ( "something") The word something will appear for the USER on the canvas.
Console.log statements For the CODER, and appear in the debug area.

2nd year science the body

Question Answer
what are the 4 components of blood? red blood cells , white blood cells , plasma , platelets
what is the the red pigment in our red blood cells? heamaglobin
does a vein or an artire carry oxygenated blood? artires
name the 2 artires in the heart? the pulmonary vein and the aorta
what is diffusion? the movement of gasses and substances a thin wall or membrane
what is in~haled blood and exhaled blood made uo of? nitrogen o2 co2 and water

paying taxes

Term Definition
federal income tax The federal government charges income tax on all its residents. In this tax system, you are taxed on the money you earn while working.
property tax taxes an owner pays on the value of any owned property
sales tax This means when you pay for something, the sales tax is added to the total before you pay.
state income tax Most states charge income tax on all its residents. In this tax system, you are taxed on the money you earn while working.
capital gains tax a tax charged on the profits made on the sale of something that was purchased at a lower price.
1040EZ The quick tax form most often used for those with uncomplicated tax situations.
1099INT Report on interest income sent from the bank to both the IRS and the taxpayer for savings account interest.
FICA The Federal Insurance Contributions Act, the name given to Social Security and Medicare taxes.
standard deduction The deduction allowed for those not claimed as a dependent on a parent’s taxes.
tax deduction A donation or expense that reduces the taxable income amount.
tax refund A check returning the taxpayer’s money to the taxpayer after returns are filed and the overpaid tax is determined.
W2 Report sent from the employer to both the IRS and the employee showing gross income, total taxes paid, and total voluntary deductions.

Stack #2610764

Question Answer
MYPYRAMID an interactive guide to healthful eating and active living
nutrient-dense have a high ratio of nutrients to calories
food additive substance added to a food to produce a desired effect
forborne illness (food poisoning) bacteria (E.coli) or viriuses
Pasteurization treating with heat to kill bacteria
Cross-contamination the spread of pathogens from one food to another
food allergy body's immune system reacts to a substance in food
food intolerance a negative reaction to food that is not caused by the immune system

Chapter 3 US sec 1 Jefferson/Jackson

Question Answer
Marbury V Madison Court case that gave us judicial review
Judicial Review Supreme Court reviews laws to decide if they are constitutional
Monroe Doctrine Warning to Europe which said- Europe needs to stay out of the Western Hemisphere and the US will stay out of European affairs
James Monroe 5th President- issued the Monroe Doctrine
impressment Act of seizing sailors to work on ships- British did this to American sailors before War of 1812
Missouri Compromise Set rules for whether new states would be slave states or free states (Missouri- slave state- Maine- Free)- set North/South line for slavery
Spoils system President Jackson gave jobs to his friends and political allies
impressment Act of seizing sailors to work on ships- British did this to American sailors before War of 1812
Missouri Compromise Set rules for whether new states would be slave states or free states (Missouri- slave state- Maine- Free)- set North/South line for slavery
Trail of Tears Path the Cherokee were forced to travel from Georgia to Indian Territory
John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court -ruled in favor of strengthening Federal Government
Henry Clay Speaker of the House- promoted the "American System"
The Alamo Key battle where Mexicans killed 187 Americans in the Texas Revolution
American System Henry Clay's plan for economic development (Included tax on imports)
Jacksonian Democracy Political philosophy that puts faith in the common people
Andrew Jackson 7th president and military hero. Known for Indian Removal Act.

Household Budget

Term Definition
Regular Income Income that a person is guaranteed to receive.
Fixed Expenditure Expenditure that is fixed in amount and is paid at fixed times during the year.
Irregular Expenditure Expenditure that varies with use and is paid at different times during the year.
Discretionary Expenditure Expenditure that varies with the needs, likes, hobbies and opinions of people and is paid at different times during the year.
Budget A financial plan prepared by a household to help it live within its means. It sets out future income, expenditure and savings.
Net Cash The difference between total income and expenditure.
Opening Cash The amount of cash that one starts off with at the start of a budgetary period.
Savings Part of one's income which is not spent
Closing cash Closing cash is any money an individual or household has at the end of a given period. The closing cash for one month is the opening cash for the next month.
A budget surplus is when the income is greater than the expenditure
A budget deficit is when the expenditure is greater than the income
A balanced budget Is when the expenditure is equal to the income
example example

ASHP- test Test

Question Answer
How would nausea/vomiting elevate INR? reduced intake of vitamin K
Antidote fo doxorubicin extravasation? dexrazoxane administered within 5 hours
Because paclitaxel is low emetogenicity, what is recommended for N/V? Zofran 8mg po or dexamethasone 12mg po 30 min prior to paclitaxel
What is the fourth option for hypertensive patients not at goal on 3 BP meds already? add spironolactone, switch hydrochlorothiazide to chlorthalidone, or switch beta-blocker to Coreg
minimum frequency recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in patients receiving multiple injections of insulin daily? 3 times/day
Classifications of CKD in terms of CrCl? 1. normal GFR: crcla??902. mild renal impairment Crcl 60-893. moderate renal impairment Crcl 30-594. Severe renal impairment Crcl 15-295. Kidney failure Crcl<15
Which anticoag is recommended for NSTE-ACS pt going to cath lab? Unfractionated heparin + glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor
What is DAPT? dual antiplatelet therapy following stent. A score of ?2 is associated with a favorable benefit/risk ratio for prolonged DAPT while a score of <2 is associated with an unfavorable benefit/risk ratio
Fluoxetine inhibits which CYP? 3A4, 2D6, 2C19
Plavix is an inactive prodrug that requires what CYP activation? 2C19
When should you use tolvaptan in hyponatremic patients? When fluid restriction fails
When should you use 3% saline in hyponatremic patients? Na<125 + symptoms
What is normal LV ejection fraction? ? 55%
After the TSH levels normalize and a dosage is established, when should the next TSH level be drawn? 6 months, then annually
At what Crcl is Pradaxa contraindicated? crcl<15
At what CHADS2 score is aspirin not sufficient and warfarin may need to be used? CHADS2 score > 1
normal PCWP? 8-12
At what triglyceride level are fibrates indicated? TG ? 500
At CD4 count < 50cells/mm3 in HIV, what is recommended? Azithromycin 1.2g PO qwk because of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)
Is MMR vaccine live or killed? live attenuated
What is the recommended treatment for PJP? 1st line: BactrimAlternative: Dapsone, Atovaquone
Which HIV drug is associated with Fanconi syndrome? tenofovir
Can efavirenz exacerbate depression? Yes
What is a sentinel event? unanticipated event in a healthcare setting resulting in death or serious physical or psychological injury. e.g. retention of a foreign object, falls and performing procedures on the wrong patient
What is a medication error? any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm
What is the beyond-use-date and time? it is the storage period before administration
What is the appropriate response for Joint Commission sentinel event? Root cause analysis. reporting individuals to professional state boards is not required.
What is the Hawthorne Effect? subjects improve or modify their behavior in response to the fact that they know that they are being studied
What legislation identifies US Pharmacopeia and National Formulary as the official standards of drugs? Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
What is the time window for alteplase after 1st sign of stroke symptoms? 3-4.5 hours
At what BP is lowering BP required before initiating alteplase? ? 185/110
Why is an ECG recommended periodically for pt on citalopram? QT prolongation
Why is Calcium citrate preferred over calcium carbonate in pt taking PPI? calcium carbonate requires acidic environment for max absorption whereas calcium citrate does not
Why is doxazosin in Beer's criteria? orthostatic hypotension
Which opioids are preferred in ESRD? methadone (no active metabolite, fecal excretion), fentanyl (no active metabolite, liver metabolism)
Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS)? a tool utilized by health insurances to measure performance on quality care and services
When is HPV vaccine indicated? at 9 years old, it is a 2 dose series 6 months apart
Flonase (fluticasone propionate) and Veramyst (fluticasone furoate) age limit? Flonase: ? 4 yoVeramyst: ? 2 yo
Do you observe or treat acute otitis media in children <2 yo? Treatment with antibiotics (not observation) is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for non-toxic appearing children less than 2 years of agewith unilateral AOM with otorrhea
Side effect of inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma related to bone health? inhaled corticosteroids can suppress linear growth and increase the risk for osteopenia and osteoporosis. Use lowest possible dose.
What is VAP? Pnuemonia occuring more than 48-72 hrs after endotracheal intubation
Treatment duration for HAP, VAP, or HCAP? 7 days
When should vancomycin be added for PNA? when local hospital prevalence of MRSA ? 20% or antibiotic use within 90 days
When is hydrocortisone recommended in sepis or septic shock? it is indicated only after both fluid resuscitation and vasopressor therapy have been unsuccessful in restoring hemodynamic stability
In critically ill patients (e.g. sepsis), what is the blood glucose goal? ? 180 (NICE-SUGAR study)
serious adverse drug event from a suspected counterfeit medication be reported to? MedWatch
What legislation require obtaining informed consent from research subjects? The Kefauver-Harris Amendments of 1962
Emergency use investigational new drug (IND) application? allows the FDA to authorize use of an experimental drug in an emergency situation that does not allow time for submission of an IND application (e.g. Ebola virus treatment)
Conversion of oral oxycodone to oral morphine? oxycodone po 2mg = morphine po 3mg
Conversion of oral morphine to IV morphine? 1 mg IV morphine = 3 mg po morphine
Pradaxa is contraindicated at what Crcl? Crcl<15
Rivaroxaban is contraindicated at what Crcl? Crcl<15
If CHADS2 score > 1, is ASA or warfarin recommended? warfarin
Normal cardiac index? CI>2.5
At what level of TG is fibrates indicated? >500
Which class of HIV drugs has the greatest risk of lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly? NRTI
Which genotype testing is useful in abacavir hypersensitivity? HLA-B* 5701
What is the BUD for median risk sterile preparation, e.g. making a batch IV from larger container? 30 hrs at RT; 9 days in fridge
The Kefauver-Harris Amendments? established the requirement for drug firms to demonstrate efficacy as well as safety, obtain informed consent for research subjects, GMP.
The Durham-Humphrey Amendment? Prescription vs OTC
Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act? giving authority to the FDA to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics
What is the age cutoff for the 4 ? hour window for starting tPA? <80 yo
Which organization came up with root cause analysis after a sentinel event? The Joint Commission

Personal fitness voc Personal fitness vocab

Body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies.
physical fitness is your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue.
Flexibility the quality of bending easily without breaking.
Muscular strength the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximal effort.
Muscular endurance the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time.
Cardiorespiratory endurance a measurement of how well your heart, lungs and muscles work together to keep your body active over an extended period of time.
aerobic elating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen.
anaerobic relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
sedentary lifestyle a type of lifestyle where an individual does not receive regular amounts of physical activity. … Making physical inactivity the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality.
isometric relating to or denoting muscular action in which tension is developed without contraction of the muscle.
isokinetic relating to muscular action with a constant rate of movement.
isotonic taking place with normal contraction.
cool down an easy exercise, done after a more intense activity, to allow the body to gradually transition to a resting or near-resting state.
warm up prepare for physical exertion or a performance by exercising or practicing gently beforehand.
metabolism the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
over weight above a weight considered normal or desirable.
target heart rate the minimum number of heartbeats in a given amount of time in order to reach the level of exertion necessary for cardiovascular fitness, specific to a person's age, gender, or physical fitness.
specificity the observation that the adaptation of the body or change in physical fitness is specific to the type of training undertaken.
F.I.T principle the foundation of exercise, a set of guidelines that cover all the elements you need to think about to create workouts that fit your goals and fitness level, as well as helping you get the most out of your exercise time
cross fit a high-intensity fitness program incorporating elements from several sports and types of exercise.

Medical Term Ch 11

Question Answer
Epigastric upper center portion of the abdomen
Hypochondriac upper side portions of the abdomen
Hypogastric lower center portion of the abdomen
Inguinal lower side portions of the abdomen
Lumbar middle side portions of the abdomen
Umbilical middle center portion of the abdomen
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
LFT liver function test
FOBT fecal occult blood test